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At the moment almost 97% of Uzbeks are muslims. But the numbers were very different just 30 years ago. During the soviet times the Muslim Board of Central Asia, the official, Soviet-approved governing agency of the Muslim faith in the region, was based in Tashkent. However, the Muslims working or participating in any religious activity were carefully screened for political reliability. The government sponsored official anti-religious campaigns and many Muslims were subjected to intense Russification.