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Today, forests cover approximately 37%, or 119,000 km2, of the Norwegian mainland. But a century ago, Norway was on the brink of losing its forests forever. After centuries of logging for timber and firewood, the country had consumed much of this previously vast natural resource. In the late 1800s the government realized that soon there would be no forests left, so they stepped in. Today, the annual harvest of wood only takes about half the amount that grows each year, so overall the forests are growing. This forest growth is enough to offset roughly 60% of the country's annual greenhouse gas emissions.